STOCKHOLM, Oct 6 (Reuters) – German Benjamin List and Scottish-born David MacMillan received the 2021 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his or her improvement of uneven organocatalysis, a “new and ingenious tool for molecule building”.
“Organic catalysts can be used to drive multitudes of chemical reactions,” the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences stated in an announcement. “Using these reactions, researchers can now more efficiently construct anything from new pharmaceuticals to molecules that can capture light in solar cells.”
It stated these catalysts had been each environmentally pleasant and low cost to provide.
The greater than century-old prize is awarded by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and is value 10 million Swedish crowns ($1.14 million).
The Nobel prizes, for achievements in science, literature and peace, had been created and funded within the will of Swedish dynamite inventor and businessman Alfred Nobel. They have been awarded since 1901, with the economics prize first handed out in 1969.
The chemistry award is the third of this yr’s crop of Nobel prizes and follows the prizes for medication or physiology, and physics, introduced earlier this week. learn extra
Previous winners of the Chemistry prize embody Marie Curie and Fredrick Sanger, who received twice.
Seven ladies have received, together with final yr’s laureates Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer Doudna who had been awarded the prize for creating genetic ‘scissors’ that may edit DNA.
($1 = 8.8020 Swedish crowns)