The American elite is beginning to perform a daunting task – the first of its kind after the lunar race with the Soviet Union. Hundreds of billions of dollars will be invested in the development of national science and technology, and all because China is literally breathing the back of the head of the United States. In what fields of knowledge and inventions has the RPC already overtaken the United States?
Smart people have said more than once that a great state needs a great enemy. Without Carthage – an enemy who defies leadership and threatens existence – some Rome, after a short triumph, begins to rot and degenerate.
This is exactly what happened to the United States after the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union. Deindustrialization, division of society, over-spending of resources, impoverishment and depletion of the middle class, and even the loss of technological leadership in some areas – all this came from the United States.
A new Chinese world
And in the late 2010s, Americans suddenly faced the fact that they were no longer power No. 1. At least when it comes to science and technology. Back in 2019 China past The United States in total research spending – and in some regions has already surpassed in ie technology.
Only the lazy do not talk about the Chinese 5G (superfast cellular networks). U.S. manufacturers cannot successfully compete with the same Chinese Huawei (whose products were considered consumer goods ten years ago). That is why the United States has been forced to impose large-scale sanctions against Huawei, and constantly discourage them from introducing Chinese 5G networks in meetings with European partners.
No need to talk about semiconductors – the United States has already lost its leadership in this area. If in 1990 the part of the United States had to 37% of world production of semiconductors, then in 2021 it is already 12%. Yes, although it is believed that Chinese companies cannot produce the same complex semiconductors as in the United States – but they are successfully working to bridge this technology gap.
Chinese is ahead of the rest in the field of drone production, and drones for various purposes – both civilian (Chinese DJI controls up to 80% of world production of civilian drones – the nearest competitor, the US company Intel, only 45% of the market) and military. Some experts argue that Chinese combat UAVs are cheaper and more efficient than the popular Turkish Bayraktars.
And combat drones are not the only Chinese military achievement. Yes, the Americans have more powerful navies and armed forces, but the Chinese are neutralizing this advantage with the help of technology. In addition to the drones themselves, Chinese research institutes are creating the latest tools in the field of cyber weapons, hypersonic missiles (even if the Chinese lag behind the Russians in this matter), electronic suppression technologies. And of course quantum computing, where the Chinese, according to some experts, have already outperformed the Americans. With all these technologies, American ships are becoming a mass of not even marching, but floating irons, which in the South China and East China Sea (i.e. close to the Chinese coast) will not be able to effectively thwart the military plans. of PRC in Japanese and Taiwanese numbers.
Moreover, the Chinese are successfully extracting some of their scientific skills from the United States. Newspaper VZGLYAD jam wrote that Chinese students make up up to a third of the total number of foreign students in American universities, and ethnic Chinese make up half of all employees in U.S. laboratories. That people with Chinese family names represent up to 10% of U.S. patents. And in the United States, they sincerely believe that a significant portion of these researchers participated in the global Chinese program to steal U.S. technology. A robbery that has brought China to the top spot in the world in a number of industries.
Rome is attacking
And now “the United States has a chance to strike and react to unfair competition from communist China,” He speaks Senator Roger Wicker. On this occasion he targeted the so-called Law on Innovation and Competition (we will simply call it the Law), which was approved on June 8 by the Senate with 68 votes in favor.
In fact, this Law is a package of 2,400 pages of invoices aimed at containing the PRC and opposing China. Among the proposed initiatives are, for example, a call to defend human rights in Xinjiang (a Chinese province where local Islamic Uyghurs are extremely dissatisfied with the Beijing government), and a call for U.S. officials not to attend the Olympic Games in Chinese. capital in 2022. However, most of the bills concern investments in national research and industry in the amount of $ 250 billion.
The initiative is already called the largest investment in American science since the Apollo program (moon racing).
In general, the money will go to the development of programs in artificial intelligence, creation of the latest computers, quantum computing systems, robotics, biotechnology, research in the field of genome and synthetic biology, and so on. One of the main elements of the Law. is a bill aimed at cementing U.S. leadership in artificial intelligence, high-quality computing, and advanced manufacturing.
“Our message is very simple. If we want American workers and American companies to be at the forefront of the world, then the federal government must invest in science, basic research, and innovation, as we did for decades after World War II. Whoever wins the technology race for the future will become a global economic leader, and this status will significantly affect his foreign policy and national security, “- declared Senate Democratic leader Chuck Schumer.
In the PRC already nomata An act of “paranoid illusion” and an attempt to “deprive China of its legitimate right to develop through technology and breaking economic ties.”
It would seem that these claims are unfounded. Every state has the right to invest in its developments, as well as to engage in import substitution – and at the same time introduce protectionist measures into its market. However, the United States, in parallel with investing in its science, is introducing real and illegal sanctions against the Chinese, limiting their opportunities in the global market. This is no longer protectionism, but unfair competition.
However, US politicians do not pay attention to Chinese claims. “All over the world, authoritarian regimes smell blood in water. They believe that democracies (like ours), torn by internal contradictions, cannot come together and invest in country priorities. Invest in the way authoritarian and centralized states with a strong vertical can do it. They sincerely want us to cheat so that they can take over the mantle of global economic leadership and dominate the innovation process. ” He speaks Chuck Schumer.
As for unfair competitive methods, the states do not consider them something wrong or even non-commercial – for Washington, this is the usual working format. In addition, the United States cites various and varied reasons for its protectionism.
Take for example investments in the field of chip manufacturing. Americans are calling for the fact that there really is a huge shortage of micro-circuits – and it will last at least until the end of 2023. Some companies – for example Ford and GM – are forced to do so. cut production (on average for a modern car must from 50 to 150 micro-circuits, and without them it will not become curious). Here, however, it is not said that the shortcoming was created partly artificially – thanks to the sanctions against Chinese companies.
Another incentive to invest in increasing the production of microcircuits in the United States was the desire to reduce the U.S. industry’s dependence on Taiwanese manufacturers. U.S. experts argue that in the context of the geopolitical conflict with China and Beijing’s claims to Taiwan, this dependence is a threat to U.S. security. Indeed, they forget to realize that the gateway to the conflict is in the hands of the United States. And if Washington does not play with the Taiwan issue, does not encourage the islanders to declare independence from the mainland, then no strong actions by the PRC are expected.
The enemy joins
This Act has not only foreign policy and economic, but also domestic political advantages for the United States. Its adoption united the Democrats and part of the Republicans.
Remember that the stability of the U.S. political system is based on the joint work of Democrats and Republicans when laws are passed and implemented by congressmen and senators from both parties (i.e., Democrats and left-wing Republicans, or Republicans and right-wing Democrats. ). However in recent years, for a number of reasons, the parties have transformed from partners into real enemies, and now they again need to find a common language and establish cooperation. The best way to do this is to talk about the few remaining common topics, one of which is opposition to China. So Chuck Schumer is right when he calls the Act “the most important bipartisan achievement of recent years.”
Joe Biden, of course, also backed the bill. “While other countries are investing in their research programs, we cannot stay with them. America must remain the most innovative and productive nation on earth.” declared owner of the White House. So the American Rome can be congratulated – the Chinese Carthage began to mobilize it.