WASHINGTON (REUTERS) – E.O. Wilson, an American naturalist dubbed the trendy day Darwin whose curiosity in ants led him to conclusions about human nature being directed by genetics moderately than tradition, died on Sunday (Dec 26) on the age of 92, his basis stated.
Alongside British naturalist David Attenborough, Dr Wilson was thought of one of many world’s main authorities on pure historical past and conservation.
“E.O. Wilson was called ‘Darwin’s natural heir,’ and was known affectionately as ‘the ant man’ for his pioneering work as an entomologist,” the muse wrote. It didn’t cite a reason behind dying however stated a tribute to his life was deliberate for 2022.
In addition to groundbreaking work in evolution and entomology, in his later years Dr Wilson spearheaded a marketing campaign to unite the scientific and spiritual communities in an odd-couple pairing he felt offered the very best probability to protect Earth.
Dr Wilson offered his views in over 30 books, two of which – “On Human Nature” in 1979 and “The Ants” in 1991 – received Pulitzer Prizes for non-fiction. His writing fashion was much more elegant than might need been anticipated from a scientist.
He even ventured into fiction – though he caught to a subject he knew quite a bit about – in 2010 with “Anthill,” a coming-of-age novel about an Alabama boy attempting to avoid wasting marshlands.
Among Dr Wilson’s most controversial works was 1975’s “Sociobiology: The New Synthesis” by which he wrote that every one human behaviour was a product of genetic predetermination, not discovered experiences. By popping out in favour of human nature over nurture, he set off a firestorm of criticism, along with his harshest opponents accusing him of being racist and sexist.
One protester threw water on Dr Wilson whereas he was talking at a convention as others chanted, “Wilson, you’re all wet.” It was, Dr Wilson stated later, a matter of satisfaction for him that he was keen to pursue scientific reality regardless of such assaults.
He grew up a Bible-reading Southern Baptist however fell away from the church as he studied evolution. Mr Wilson would later describe himself as a “provisional deist” – somebody who was keen “to accept the possibility that there is some kind of intelligent force beyond our current understanding”.
He managed to tie science and faith collectively in his 2006 e book “The Creation: An Appeal to Save Life on Earth,” a sequence of letters written to an imaginary Baptist preacher in pursuit of an ecological alliance to avoid wasting the Earth.
In a 2011 graduation tackle on the University of North Carolina, Dr Wilson argued that humanity wanted to make modifications in the way it managed the planet. “We have Stone Age emotions, medieval institutions and god-like technology,” he stated.
Dr Wilson as soon as stated destroying a rainforest for financial acquire was like burning a Renaissance portray to prepare dinner a meal.
He received the National Medal of Science, the best US science honour, as properly dozens of different awards. In 1995, Time journal listed him among the many 25 most influential Americans.
Edward Osbourne Wilson was born June 10, 1929, in Birmingham, Alabama. After his dad and mom divorced, Dr Wilson had a nomadic childhood along with his father, an alcoholic accountant who would later commit suicide, and the frequent strikes made it tough for him to type lasting friendships.
As a outcome, Dr Wilson got here to consider nature as his favorite companion and he spent hours prowling forests, streams and swamps, observing wildlife.
A childhood fishing accident led Mr Wilson to myrmecology, the examine of ants. A fish’s fin reduce his eye, leaving his imaginative and prescient so impaired that he couldn’t observe bigger animals from a distance. Instead, he targeting smaller creatures that he may examine up shut.
Dr Wilson was 13 and dwelling in Alabama when he was credited with discovering the primary colony of imported hearth ants within the United States, in keeping with the Harvard Gazette. He later made one other vital discovery about ants, proving they used pheromone excretions to speak.
Dr Wilson graduated from the University of Alabama and earned a doctorate at Harvard University, the place he taught for a number of many years.
In 2005, the E.O. Wilson Biodiversity Foundation was established in his identify to advance conservation, and in 2008 Dr Wilson realized a dream when the Encyclopedia of Life went on-line, a Wikipedia-like web site designed to doc all 1.9 million dwelling species on Earth. A documentary about his life, “Darwin’s Natural Heir,” was additionally made that 12 months.
Dr Wilson and his spouse, Irene, lived in Lexington, Massachusetts. He had a daughter, Catherine.