Americans Julius and Patapoutian win 2021 Nobel Prize in Medicine

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STOCKHOLM, Oct 4 (Reuters) – American scientists David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian received the 2021 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his or her discoveries of receptors for temperature and contact, the award-giving physique mentioned on Monday.

Their groundbreaking discoveries “have allowed us to understand how heat, cold and mechanical force can initiate the nerve impulses that allow us to perceive and adapt to the world around us,” it mentioned.

“This knowledge is being used to develop treatments for a wide range of disease conditions, including chronic pain.”

The greater than century-old prize is awarded by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and is value 10 million Swedish crowns ($1.15 million).

The prizes, for achievements in science, literature and peace, have been created and funded within the will of Swedish dynamite inventor and businessman Alfred Nobel. They have been awarded since 1901, with the economics prize first handed out in 1969.

The Nobel Prize for Medicine usually lives within the shadow of the Nobels for literature and peace, and their generally extra broadly identified laureates. But drugs has been thrust into the highlight by the COVID-19 pandemic, and a few scientists had steered those that developed coronavirus vaccines might be rewarded this 12 months or in coming years.

The pandemic continues to hang-out the Nobel ceremonies, that are normally filled with old-world pomp and glamour. The banquet in Stockholm has been postponed for a second successive 12 months amid lingering worries concerning the virus and worldwide journey. learn extra

Last 12 months’s prize went to Americans Harvey Alter and Charles Rice and Briton Michael Houghton for work in figuring out the Hepatitis C virus, which causes cirrhosis and liver most cancers.

($1 = 8.7272 Swedish crowns)

Reporting by Johan Ahlander, Niklas Pollard in Stockholm, Ludwig Burger in Frankfurt; extra reporting by Terje Solsvik in Oslo and Simon Johnson, Supantha Mukherjee and Anna Ringstrom in Stockholm, Editing by Timothy Heritage

U.S. biochemist David Julius (L) receives the 2010 Prince of Asturias Award for Technical and Scientific Research from Spain's Crown Prince Felipe during a ceremony at Campoamor theatre in Oviedo, northern Spain, October 22, 2010. REUTERS/Felix Ordonez